Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods
Various Birth control methods can be an effective solution to you if you decide not to have kids. From implants to hormonal pills, all seem like a great way to prevent unwanted pregnancy permanently as well as temporarily. But doubts about their efficacy still plague many women as there can also be drawbacks of birth control methods. Most times, it depends on your current medical condition and lifestyle. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods discuss further.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control methods - Different Types
These are creams and gels used to kill sperm and prevent them from fertilizing the egg. This method is temporary and has following benefits.
Advantages of Birth Control Methods (Spermicide)
- Low cost
- Easy to use
- Females don’t have to use it
- Easily Available
- Can be used during breastfeeding
Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Spermicide Cream/Gels)
- No protection from STDs
- The creams/gels may cause irritation or itchy sensation to your private parts
- Spermicides are less effective as compared to other contraceptive methods
2. Female/Male Barriers (Condoms):
These are lubricated rubber (latex) layers that act as a barrier between male sperm and female egg. There are more Advantages of Birth control method of this type as it’s the cheapest and most convenient. The methods of application of condoms is different for both men and women However, the advantages of birth control methods of these types are the same.
Advantages of Condoms
- Condoms are the only birth control method that offer full protection against Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).
- This is the cheapest birth control method and is easily available.
Disadvantages of Condoms
- 20% Failure rate
- May not offer 100% protection
3. Birth Control Pills
Contraceptive Pills are one of the most commonly used birth control methods. Birth control pills regulate your hormones to control the menstrual cycle.
Advantages of Birth Control Methods through oral Pills
- Pills are less painful and balance the female hormones.
- Effective in menstrual cycle.
- Reduce risk of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer.
- More than 95% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Disadvantages of Birth Control Pills
- May induce the risk of blood clots in smokers and women with a history of other medical conditions.
- Dizziness and weakness are some other disadvantages of birth control methods such as pills.
4. IUD (Intrauterine Device)
“The Copper/plastic IUD is an excellent birth control method for women which is long lasting. A T-shaped device is inserted into the uterus during a small procedure.
Advantages of IUD
- It’s more than 99% effective.
- It can last from 3 to 10 years.
- IUDs can make periods lighter or even non-existent.
- This birth control method also reduces risk of endometrial cancer.
Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods under Copper/Plastic IUD
- Women need to undergo a pelvic exam before insertion.
- The insertion procedure may be uncomfortable or even painful.
- In rare case, there may be a risk of perforating the uterus during insertion (1 in 1,000 women).
5. Hormonal implant
In this type of birth control method, a small plastic rod is inserted under the skin of the upper arm to deliver a constant supply of pregnancy-preventing hormones into the bloodstream for 3 years. This type of Birth Control Method benefits in higher efficiency and is less painful.
Advantages of Hormonal implant
- Highly effective.
- No pelvic exam is required.
- The implant is inserted during a quick in-office procedure.
Disadvantages of Birth Control methods under Hormonal Implant
- The hormonal implant can cause unpredictable bleeding
- It May lead to heavier periods, however, in some cases periods are lighter.
6. Anti-pregnancy Shot
This type of birth control method is needed after every three months.
Advantages of Anti-Pregnancy Shot
- The advantages of Pregnancy Prevention Shot are similar to the pill.
- Shot help period to decrease or even disappear.
Disadvantages of Anti Pregnancy Shot
- May cause bone thinning which is reversed once you discontinue taking it.
- You’ll require a doctor’s supervision for the injection at least four times a year.
7. Birth Control Patch
The patch is one of the trusted birth control methods and delivers the same hormones as the contraceptive pills. It works externally as you need to place the patch on your skin and change it every week. Following are the advantages and disadvantages of birth control methods when used as patch.
Advantages of Birth Control Patch
- You can apply it at home without medical supervision.
- It’s 95% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Patch)
- Changes in mood, breast tenderness and bloating are some commonly reported disadvantages of contraceptive methods when used as patch.
- You have to keep changing the patches weekly or as prescribed.
- Patches are not a good option for women who smoke, have blood clots, or have had cancer.
8. Vaginal Ring
The vaginal ring is a small, flexible ring containing the same hormones as the pill and patch. Vaginal Rings are one of the convenient Birth Control Methods that prevents pregnancies.
Advantages of Vaginal Ring
- Reduces menstrual cramps
- May ease periods
Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Vaginal Rings)
- Rings can’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- Vaginal Rings are costlier than their counterparts
- The use of vaginal rings is associated with other side effects.
Conclusion on Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods
Both Latex barriers for males and females are the safest and easiest to use without further complications and health issues. However, if you have opted for a different contraception method that’s long-lasting, it’s better to contemplate the Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods first comparing each. As for further safety, it’s always beneficial to talk to your healthcare specialist before taking such a decision.