Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods

Various Birth control methods can be an effective solution to you if you decide not to have kids. From implants to hormonal pills, all seem like a great way to prevent unwanted pregnancy permanently as well as temporarily. But doubts about their efficacy still plague many women as there can also be drawbacks of birth control methods. Most times, it depends on your current medical condition and lifestyle. The Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods discuss further.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control methods - Different Types

Birth control methods vary from one another in terms of use, application, and longevity. There’s a birth control method for people of nearly everybody and lifestyle. The birth control methods range from non-hormonal and hormonal to single-use and long-lasting use. Based on a variety of use, there are following types of birth control methods.

1. Spermicide

These are creams and gels used to kill sperm and prevent them from fertilizing the egg. This method is temporary and has following benefits.

Advantages of Birth Control Methods (Spermicide)

  • Low cost
  • Easy to use
  • Females don’t have to use it
  • Easily Available
  • Can be used during breastfeeding

Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Spermicide Cream/Gels)

  • No protection from STDs
  • The creams/gels may cause irritation or itchy sensation to your private parts
  • Spermicides are less effective as compared to other contraceptive methods

2. Female/Male Barriers (Condoms):

These are lubricated rubber (latex) layers that act as a barrier between male sperm and female egg. There are more Advantages of Birth control method of this type as it’s the cheapest and most convenient. The methods of application of condoms is different for both men and women However, the advantages of birth control methods of these types are the same.

Advantages of Condoms

  • Condoms are the only birth control method that offer full protection against Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs).
  • This is the cheapest birth control method and is easily available.

Disadvantages of Condoms

  • 20% Failure rate
  • May not offer 100% protection

3. Birth Control Pills

Contraceptive Pills are one of the most commonly used birth control methods. Birth control pills regulate your hormones to control the menstrual cycle.

Advantages of Birth Control Methods through oral Pills

  • Pills are less painful and balance the female hormones.
  • Effective in menstrual cycle.
  • Reduce risk of ovarian cancer and endometrial cancer.
  • More than 95% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Disadvantages of Birth Control Pills

  • May induce the risk of blood clots in smokers and women with a history of other medical conditions.
  • Dizziness and weakness are some other disadvantages of birth control methods such as pills.

4. IUD (Intrauterine Device)

“The Copper/plastic IUD is an excellent birth control method for women which is long lasting. A T-shaped device is inserted into the uterus during a small procedure.

Advantages of IUD

  • It’s more than 99% effective.
  • It can last from 3 to 10 years.
  • IUDs can make periods lighter or even non-existent.
  • This birth control method also reduces risk of endometrial cancer.

Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods under Copper/Plastic IUD

  • Women need to undergo a pelvic exam before insertion.
  • The insertion procedure may be uncomfortable or even painful.
  • In rare case, there may be a risk of perforating the uterus during insertion (1 in 1,000 women).

5. Hormonal implant

In this type of birth control method, a small plastic rod is inserted under the skin of the upper arm to deliver a constant supply of pregnancy-preventing hormones into the bloodstream for 3 years. This type of Birth Control Method benefits in higher efficiency and is less painful.

Advantages of Hormonal implant

  • Highly effective.
  • No pelvic exam is required.
  • The implant is inserted during a quick in-office procedure.

Disadvantages of Birth Control methods under Hormonal Implant

  • The hormonal implant can cause unpredictable bleeding
  • It May lead to heavier periods, however, in some cases periods are lighter.

6. Anti-pregnancy Shot

This type of birth control method is needed after every three months.

Advantages of Anti-Pregnancy Shot

  • The advantages of Pregnancy Prevention Shot are similar to the pill.
  • Shot help period to decrease or even disappear.

Disadvantages of Anti Pregnancy Shot

  • May cause bone thinning which is reversed once you discontinue taking it.
  • You’ll require a doctor’s supervision for the injection at least four times a year.

7. Birth Control Patch

The patch is one of the trusted birth control methods and delivers the same hormones as the contraceptive pills. It works externally as you need to place the patch on your skin and change it every week. Following are the advantages and disadvantages of birth control methods when used as patch.

Advantages of Birth Control Patch

  • You can apply it at home without medical supervision.
  • It’s 95% effective at preventing pregnancy.

Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Patch)

  • Changes in mood, breast tenderness and bloating are some commonly reported disadvantages of contraceptive methods when used as patch.
  • You have to keep changing the patches weekly or as prescribed.
  • Patches are not a good option for women who smoke, have blood clots, or have had cancer.

8. Vaginal Ring

The vaginal ring is a small, flexible ring containing the same hormones as the pill and patch. Vaginal Rings are one of the convenient Birth Control Methods that prevents pregnancies.

Advantages of Vaginal Ring

  • Reduces menstrual cramps
  • May ease periods

Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods (Vaginal Rings)

  • Rings can’t protect against Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Vaginal Rings are costlier than their counterparts
  • The use of vaginal rings is associated with other side effects.

Conclusion on Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods

Both Latex barriers for males and females are the safest and easiest to use without further complications and health issues. However, if you have opted for a different contraception method that’s long-lasting, it’s better to contemplate the Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods first comparing each. As for further safety, it’s always beneficial to talk to your healthcare specialist before taking such a decision.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Birth Control Methods

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the disadvantages of birth control?

1. Vaginal bleeding occurs between menstrual cycles.
2. Nausea.
3. Breast tenderness.
4. Headaches and migraine.
5. Weight gain.
6. Mood changes.
7. Missed periods.
8. Decreased libido.

What are the advantages of birth control?

The birth control pill is generally a secure, easy-to-use, and cost-effective method of contraception. It also helps minimize acne, make your periods lighter and more regular, and relieve menstrual cramps.

Does the pill make your boobs grow?

The start of the pill might cause breast growth. Any increase in size, on the other hand, is usually minor. Within a few months of going on the pill, the breasts generally return to normal size. If you stop taking the pill, this usually occurs as well.

Is it healthier to be on birth control?

Hormonal contraception has several long-term advantages. For example, women who use combination birth control pills have a 50 percent reduced risk of uterine cancer, according to research. These effects might last for up to 20 years after you stop taking the pill. It can also lower your chance of ovarian cancer.

Why you shouldn't be on birth control?

Even though it is quite safe, the traditional combination pill can slightly raise your risk of disease. This is because there are a few problems that occur occasionally but which can be serious. They include heart attacks and strokes and blood clots, and liver tumors. In extremely rare circumstances, they might cause death.

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