Advantages and Disadvantages of speech therapy
A speech disorder starts affecting kids from the young age which can worsen as they age. However, as a parent, a decision to consult a SLP or Speech Therapist can help your kids overcome this problem. This problem is not only a problem for kids, adults who have suffered a stroke or brain damage. How well Speech Language pathology work on kids and what its downsides? The Advantages and Disadvantages of speech therapy will help you explore further.
Who needs Speech Therapy?
According to NIDCD, 1 in every 12 kids between 3 and 10 has speech, language, or voice impairment. This roughly estimates that around 5% of U.S. children aged 3-17 have a speech disorder in total. Kids start showing the symptoms of Speech impairment just when they are supposed to learn to communicate.
This reason gives urgency to see a speech therapist, also known as a Speech-Language Pathologist (SLP). There are certain advantages of Speech therapy for kids at home, provided parents can identify kids’ symptoms.
What is a speech delay?
A language delay is a type of communication disorder. This disorder is most common among children who cannot meet the language developmental milestones for their age. They are most likely to develop language abilities at a slower rate than most children.
Kids suffering from speech delay may have trouble expressing themselves or understanding others. The speech delay may also involve a combination of hearing, speech, and cognitive impairments.
How to identify Speech Delay or Speech Delay among kids?
- Your kid may be affected by speech delay if S/He is:
- Not babbling by the age of 15 months.
- Unable to talk by the age of 2 years.
- Not being able to speak in short sentences by the age of 3 years.
- Having difficulty following directions.
- Poor at pronunciation or articulation.
- Having difficulty putting words together in a sentence.
- Is leaving words out of a sentence.
What Causes Speech Disorders in Kids?
Disfluencies are disorders in which a kids repeats a sound, word, or phrase. Stuttering may be the most serious example Disfluency. Sometimes, kids may be unable to speak clearly due to any of the following conditions.
- Hearing impairment
- Weak muscles around the mouth
- Vocal nodules/ hoarseness
- Respiratory Weakness/Disorder
- Swallowing disorder
- Genetic abnormalities
- Emotional stress
- Any trauma to brain or infection
Advantages and Disadvantages of Speech Therapy at Home
Speech therapy or Speech language therapy is surrounded by both pros and cons given the circumstances. The main goal of speech therapy is to improve communication.
Points to keep in mind.
- Every child responds differently to the therapy depending on his or her particular challenges and abilities.
- The length of speech-language therapy depends on several factors such as severity of the disorder, the frequency & consistency of therapy, and the consistency of the same at home.
- How good the coordination between the speech language therapist and your child is.
What are the advantages of Speech Therapy at Home
Since the disorder affects kids at the age of preschool, it’s more convenient to conduct your kids’ Speech therapy at home. Following are some reason why Speech Language therapy is beneficial for kids when done at home.
1. Flexible hours
Speech language pathologist typically offers very flexible hours for kid at home which means, neither parents nor the therapist have any problem of scheduling time.
2. Convenience- One of the notable advantages of Speech Therapy
The therapy happens in your home on your schedule, where all the family members are present. Also, you don’t have to drive your kids to clinic or hospitals. It’s one of the advantages of speech therapy at home for kids who find it comfortable being with their parents.
3. Collective Approach
While the Speech-language Pathologist uses different approaches to help the kids overcome the problem, they can work better with your entire family. With kids at home surrounded by family members, SLP can easily understand how kid perceives his/her surroundings and can follow the appropriate therapy methods.
4. SLP can understand kids’ needs better
Speech-language therapists tend to your kid personally, which means the results will be effective as the session takes place one-to-one. The chances of improving speech ability of your kid are higher as they get full attention from therapist.
5. Family members can also learn
One of the significant advantages of speech therapy at home is that parents can learn from the speech therapist and help their kids afterward. It’s not necessary to rely on SLP always. If you know how the therapy works, you can give extra effort to help your kids hone their speech ability.
What are the Disadvantages of Speech therapy at Home?
As Speech therapy at home has several benefits, it does comes with some disadvantages. Her are a few to consider before you approach an SLP.
1 Cost- One of the major disadvantages of speech therapy at home
An SLP charges extra for Home visitation, which can add more pressure on your budget. Provided the time they give your kid through one-to-one sessions, they are a more expensive option than clinics, schools, and hospitals.
2. Distractions at home
Besides the family members, the home is filled with visual and sound distractions that can cause disturbance during a session. Such distractions may also lead SLP to focus less on kids; hence there may be a lack of coordination between the two.
3. SLP can’t carry Essential Materials to home
At the clinic, SLPs have immediate access to all of the materials, tools, and props required for a successful therapy session. However, these many items are very difficult for a therapist to carry to kids’ homes. Lack of such assistive material may delay the recovery time as the SLP has to work on limited options.
4. Lack of Resources
The non-availability of a coordinated team of therapists is one of the considerable disadvantages of speech therapy at home. Since the SLPs attend your kid at home, they may require assistance from speech, occupational, or behavioral therapists. This means an SLP has to work things out independently, even if a kid needs pediatric attention.
As a parent you need to identify all the symptoms of speech impairment in your kid. Based on severity you need to consider the Advantages and Disadvantages of speech therapy at home. Then, consult a registered SLP (do compare fees and therapy length) to help your kid overcome the problem.