Nasal Spray Pros and Cons - Nasal Decongestant Spray

Nasal Decongestant Spray is an instant cure to cold and stuffy nose. Physicians and patients use nose spray due to its instant relief properties. A certain type of nasal spray is used to treat other Asthma and other allergies. Questions circulate with the increased use of nasal spray. A nasal spray long term side effects and benefits are detailed in Nasal Spray Pros and Cons –brief study.

Terminology: Decongestant Nasal Spray (DNS), Nose/Nasal Spray, Inhalation Spray, Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride(Afrin), or Nasal Oxymetazoline.

According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, nearly 4.5 million suffered from common cold and other Rhinitis (Hay fever) allergies during 2014-2015. People from around the world use this decongestant liquid to get rapids relief and get back to work. It’s effective unquestionably, but what if you get used to it? Here are some facts to ponder.

Nasal Spray Ingredients

Active Nasal Spray Ingredients used to treat common cold and rhinitis usually contain 0.05% Oxymetazoline Hydrochloride with several other excipients such as Preservatives, Viscosity modifiers, Emulsifiers, Placebo agents, and buffering agents. These active agents are contained in nonpressurized dispensers (Small spray bottles) to deliver a spray containing a measured dose.

What are the Nasal Spray Pros and Cons?

From treating excessive mucus to curing hayfever, you might have used a DNS at some point. This evidence-based study also reveals the flipside of its use. Let’s have a look and come to the facts.

Benefits of Nasal Spray

1. Nasal Spray Benefits in Chronic Sinusitis

This condition generally occurs when the spaces inside your nose and head swell even after receiving treatment. Resultantly, you may also suffer from inflammation, fever, fatigue, or even a stinky nose. This condition may last for about 3 months. Besides using a nasal spray to stop runny nose, you can also cure chronic sinusitis to get better results.

2. Flushing the Bacteria

A Steroid Nasal Spray is an effective remedy to clogged bacteria and draining excessive phlegm out of your nose. Usually, a heavy nose indicates presence of bacterial organisms occurring due to intake of dirt particles during inhalation. Asteroid Nasal spray may not be instantly effective as it takes a period of 2 to 3 weeks to put things to order. Continue its use if you face bacterial problems too often.

3. Best Alternative to Medicines

If taking a pill for cold and nose blockage seems uncomfortable to you, then you must head to a druggist to have instant benefits of nasal spray. Pills are more likely to interact with your other medication resulting in either a complication or neutralizing the effect of other prescriptions. However, prior consultation from your healthcare provider is what the best to think of.

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4. Nasal Spray Benefits in Migraine Headache

A majority of people suffer from severe migraine headaches due to several reasons with most being sensitive to intense light or sound. Zolmitriptan, a medication that's available as nose spray for headaches caused by sensitivity. This medication stops pain signals from being sent to the brain receptors.

Zolmitriptan blocks the release of certain natural elements responsible for causing pain, nausea, and other symptoms of migraine headaches. However, it does not prevent Migraine attacks entirely. Follow directions of your healthcare service provider while taking Zolmitriptan prescription.

5. Nose Spray for Cough Allergies

Antihistamine Nasal Spray can relieve you from Upper Airway Cough Syndrome (UACS). UACS is a coughing condition when mucus collected in your sinuses flows down your throat causing inflammation. This is what also causes whooping cough. An Antihistamine drip reduces such nasal congestion also clearing your throat.

6. Inhalation Sprays for Nose Allergies

If you have been experiencing an itchy nose or sore throat and try to rinse your nose most of the time, you may have an allergy. Allergies can be associated with different sources such as pollens, dust, or bacteria clogged into nose cavities. Too much dust at your workplace might also be a common reason leading to irritation. A natural Saline Nasal Spray solution easily moisten the mucus and collected bacteria. A regular rinse drains the dirty part ultimately relieving allergy sufferers.7. Benefits of Nasal Spray for a Dry Nose

Dry Nose is one of the causes of severe nose bleeding during summer. Many people suffer from a nosebleed in extreme temperature or cooled and dry weather. Kids and adults both are prone to nose bleeding. During summer, a little scratch in your nose under hot winds and scorching sun can make your nose bleed.

Nasal Plexus, a junction where five arteries meet and supply the nose septum (the middle wall of your nose). This part becomes more sensitive and dry during summer disturbing which can lead to nose bleeding. Afrin Nasal Spray Benefits in stopping the bleeding effectively. If bleeding occurs too often, you better consult your doctor.

8. Nasal Spray Benefits Asthmatic Patients

Different types of Nasal Sprays treat different sets of symptoms; airway inflammation in one of such symptoms of Asthma. Corticosteroid Sprays are an effective treatment for tissue inflammation (swelling). In case you are asthmatic, you can get a corticosteroid spray to reduce associated symptoms and inflammatory reactions. Corticosteroid being a non-sedative drug is one of the greatest benefits of nose spray.

Side effects of Nasal Decongestant Spray

There are fewer reports of Oxymetazoline regular use during treatment. Some major decongestant spray complications may arise due to prolonged use or interaction with your ongoing medication.

1. Complications of Zolmitriptan

Zolmitriptan relieves during a migraine headache attack but doesn’t assure the prevention of migraine attacks. You may have another migraine attack and symptoms may return after 2 hours or longer. If you take a second dose of this medication, you better consult your doctor.

If you take zolmitriptan for longer than the recommended period, your headaches may worsen or may become frequent. You should not use ZolmitriptanInhalation Spray for more than 10 days per month. Talk to your doctor if you need to use this medication to treat more than three headaches in a month.

ZolmitriptanNasal Spray Long Term Side Effects can result in:

  • Sore Throat or Irritated Nose
  • Skin Sensitivity around the nose
  • Dryness in mouth
  • Unusual Taste
  • Nausea
  • Weakness
  • Drowsiness
  • Burning or tingling feeling

Some Major Nasal Decongestant Spray Side Effects are:

  • Heaviness in the chest or throat
  • Difficulty in Speaking
  • Cold Sweats
  • Vision Problems
  • Weakened arm or leg
  • Rapid Heartbeat
  • Bloody Diarrhoea
  • Severe stomach pain
  • Sudden weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Rashes
  • Hoarse
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty in Swallowing

Also Check: Benefits of Vitamin C

2. Other Common Nasal Decongestant Spray Effects

Most patients easily tolerate prescription nasal sprays, which are formulated for long-term use. But people with any damage to their nasal passages should avoid nasal sprays altogether, Feldweg adds.

Common side effects of both prescription and over-the-counter nasal sprays can include a bitter smell or taste, sneezing, nasal irritation or a runny nose, and nosebleeds — particularly when the weather is cold and dry. Consult a doctor if you experience persistent nosebleeds or crusty scabs in the nose, which may signal that you’re using your nasal spray incorrectly.

3. Cardiovascular and Central Nervous System

According to a study published by International Journal and Clinical Experimental Medicine (2015), Researcher Soderman P. reported oxymetazoline nasal drop results in some side effects like agitation, anxiety, insomnia, convulsions, tachycardia, and vasoconstriction. This case study was generated on patients taking 0.01% to 0.05% doses of Oxymetazoline for the long term. Thus this study also revealed that physicians should provide ample information to the patients pertinent to long-term use of DNS.

4. Increasing DNS Addiction

Prolonged use of DNS can lead to Nose Spray Addiction in some people. This addiction is actually rebound congestion, a condition that invokes a patient to use a DNS more often than usual. This addiction like condition is also responsible for damaging the tissue, causing infection and pain.

How to identify Nasal Spray Addiction?

  • Medicine wearing off too soon
  • Recurring Pain and Inflammation
  • Short-term effects of DNS
  • DNS turning ineffective overtime
  • Increased urge to use a spray

5. Fluticasone Nasal Spray Side Effects

This DNS is specially manufactured for treating Rhinitis (Hay fever) and other related conditions like a runny or itchy nose, and watery eyes. Fluticasone should be taken strictly as prescribed without missing a dose. If missed, you should not double its dosage for the next time.

A Fluticasone overdose may also lead to side effects like dryness in the nose, stinging sensation, and bloody mucus in the nose. Upon its use, severely major nasal decongestant spray side effects include severe face pain, thick discharge from nose, chills, whistling sound from the nose, frequent nosebleeds, and difficulty breathing or swallowing.


It is recommended to use a DNS not more than three days in continuation. You may induce addictive habits by becoming more dependent more and more upon using it. Such overuse of DNS reduces its effectiveness also triggering other health risks.

Sources: NIH and Medicine Plus

Nasal Spray Pros and Cons - Nasal Decongestant Spray

Frequently Asked Questions

Is nasal spray bad for your heart?

Pseudoephedrine inhalation spray alleviates swelling by constricting the nasal blood vessels and sinuses. It also dissolves postnasal drips by draining excessive mucus. This drug may also affect heart functioning by tightening blood vessels throughout the body and spiking your blood pressure.

How does nose spray work?

DNS or Nose drips shrink the blood vessels inside your nose and sinus. Their use is safe and fruitful if exercised as per directions. You can also switch to home remedies or Neti Pot to flush out the allergens once you clear your nasal passage by a drug.

Which nose spray is safe during pregnancy?

Budesonide, Mometasone (Nasonex) and Fluticasone Propionate (Flonase) nasal spray are available as a generic drug as well as over the counter drug to treat symptoms of colds and rhinitis. All these DNS are safe to use during pregnancy.

Can nose spray cause headaches?

Several studies have contributed to the fact that intranasal corticosteroids are responsible to trigger a severe headache or migraine-like situation upon frequent or misdirected use. It is recommended to talk to your doctor before taking one.

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