Pros and Cons of IUD
Whether to go for this contraceptive method or not? There are always many such questions in women's minds. There are several pros and cons of IUD that may come to your mind depending on the types of contraceptive you choose. You've undoubtedly heard wonderful things about today's intrauterine devices (IUDs), but you're unfamiliar with them. With so many various types of birth control available, you're not sure which one to pick.
Different Types of IUDs
There are two types of Intrauterine Devices: hormonal and non-hormonal.
Hormonal IUDs: The most common type is the Mirena® IUD. It slowly releases a small amount of progestin, a hormone that prevents pregnancy, into your uterus. Mirena can stay in your uterus for up to 5 years and is more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
Non-hormonal IUDs: This type of IUD is copper and is often called a "coil" or "loop." Copper IUDs can stay in your uterus for up to 10 years and are more than 99% effective at preventing pregnancy.
What are the Pros of IUD?
Let’s start with the reasons why you should opt for this contraceptive method. Here are some noteworthy pros of IUD to consider.
1. It's small that you can't even feel it
The IUD is a tiny, T-shaped device just over an inch long. Your Obstetrician /Gynecologist places the IUD in your uterus, where it remains for 3 to 12 years, depending on the type of IUD. Then, when you're ready to start a family, your doctor will remove the IUD. Two little strings attached to the IUD hang down through your cervix into your vagina. You check them every now and then to ensure they haven't dislodged from their position.
2. Long Life is one of the main pros of IUD insertion
IUDs are incredibly effective at preventing pregnancy. They're more than 99% effective. That's much higher than the effectiveness of birth control pills, which are about 99% effective.
3. IUD is hormone-free
The non-hormonal IUD doesn't release any hormones into your body. The hormonal IUD releases a small amount of progestin, a synthetic form of the hormone progesterone, into your uterus. This helps prevent pregnancy by thinning the lining of your uterus so that an egg can't implant there. It also thickens the mucus around your cervix so sperm can't swim through to fertilize an egg.
4. Low maintenance
Once you have an IUD, you don't need anything special to make it work. You don't have to remember to take a pill every day or put on a new patch each week. And you don't have to worry about your partner using a condom whenever you have intercourse.
5. No effect on future fertility
IUDs won't affect your future fertility which is one of the considerable pros of IUD for women looking to conceive in their later years. They're completely reversible, so you can get pregnant as soon as your doctor removes the IUD.
6. IUD is discreet
No one will be able to tell that you have an IUD. It stays in your uterus, so there's no need to worry about it slipping out or being visible. Women can stick to their daily routine without any worries.
What are the Cons of IUD?
The tiny intrauterine device does sound like an easy way to control birth. It does have its share of pitfalls. Here are some of the cons of IUD you must be familiar with.
1. Insertion process can be painful
The insertion process can be a bit uncomfortable. In addition, you may have some cramping and bleeding for a day or two after the procedure.
2. Side effects can be common cons of IUD insertion
The hormonal IUD can cause side effects, such as spotting between periods, heavier periods, and mood swings. These side effects usually go away after a few months. The copper IUD can cause heavier periods and cramping.
3. Risk of expulsion
There's a small risk that the IUD will be expelled from your uterus. This is more likely to happen if you have an unusually shaped uterus or if you have had a baby before. If the IUD does come out, you'll need to use another form of birth control.
4. Does not protect against STDs
The IUD causes an environment in your uterus that is hostile to sperm and reproduction. For example, your uterine lining thins, your cervical mucus thickens, or you cease producing ovulation, depending on the type of IUD.However, the IUD does not obstruct semen and sperm from entering your vagina and uterus during ejaculation. Therefore, you risk becoming infected if you have intercourse with someone who has an STD.
The lack of protection from STDs is among the serious cons of IUDs. Always use a condom in addition to your IUD if you or your spouse are at risk for STDs. Although condoms reduce but do not eliminate the danger of sexually transmitted diseases, ask your OB/GYN about other safe-sex measures.
5. There's a small risk of puncturing the uterus during insertion
There's a small risk that the IUD will puncture the uterus during insertion. This is more likely to happen if you have had a baby before or if you have an unusually shaped uterus. If the IUD punctures the uterus, you'll need surgery to remove it.
Weighing the pros and cons of IUD should help make your decision a little easier. Remember that every woman's body is different, so what works for one person might not be ideal for you. If you have any other questions about IUDs or want more information about a specific type, talk to your doctor. They will be able to help guide you through the process of choosing the contraception that's best for you.