Advantages and Disadvantages of UHT Treated Milk
Advantages and Disadvantages of UHT Treated Milk: Ultra-High Temperature treatment of milk results in several changes, yes, the arguments flare-up. Some changes result in milk’s nutritional value, while some depreciate its value to a concerning extent. Careful consumers as you are, you need to know about these Advantages and Disadvantages of UHT Treated Milk. Ultra-High Temperature or sterilizing process is used to eliminate useless and harmful microorganisms from milk and to make it healthier for consumption. But, what do facts and stats bring out to the table? Let’s have a look.
What is UHT or Sterilizing of Milk?
Ultra-High Temperature Processing is also termed as Ultra-High Treatment or Sterilization of Liquid foods. This process involves heating the liquid at a higher temperature to obtain bacteria and enzyme-free product that is scientifically harmless for consumption. Same way, the motive behind treating milk through higher temperatures is to make it healthier for everyone. The milk is processed at above 135 °C (275 °F) to eradicate all the unhealthy microorganisms. The average time of milk to undergo the UHT process is about 2 to 5 seconds.
What are Advantages of UHT Treated Milk?
Treating milk at Ultra-high temperatures results in several benefits that include the following. These benefits of UHT Treated Milk are noticeable and can help you save time and reap health-related advantages upon processing and consumption.
1. Less Processing Time
Sterilization makes milk lighter as once you have treated milk at ambient temperature, the number of microorganisms turn almost zero. The time you take to process it further is also reduced as the impurities and non-friendly organisms are already eliminated. This is why you can brew yourself a cup of coffee of tea within a couple of minutes.
2. Extended Shelf Life
Sterilized milk lasts longer than its raw or unprocessed form. Right after the UHT processing, milk is packed into containers that can be stored easily for days in your refrigerator. The shelf life of milk contained in air-tight packaging stays fresh for up to nine months. However, consumers are advised to use it within one week from packaging and processing once it arrives in the market.
3. UHT Milk is Safer than Untreated Milk
With UHT treatment, the heat-resistant bacteria present in milk gets destroyed which also ensures its safety for you and your kids. Processed milk is also readily available for consumption that is the right choice for consumers concerned with time and energy.
What are Disadvantages of UHT Treated Milk?
There are always some shady and hazy facts to let you heed to an opposite opinion. About UHT treated milk, here are some contradictory factors you may want to consider as Disadvantages of UHT Treated Milk.
1. Sterilization Depreciates Milk’s Nutritional Value
According to a study from Lee Dexter, A microbiologist based in Texas, the extreme heating method of milk also destroys the fragile human-friendly enzymes and proteins. This may also result in a negative immune response or leaky gut since the body fails to accept commercial milk due to the absence of healthy elements.
2. UHT Treatment is energy consumptive
Processing milk through UHT treatment does take up energy and hard to economize. Although, the production compensates for the expenses reaching the end-consumers, setting up and installing equipment and machinery are also uphill tasks. Initially, milk processing plants require some capital investment.
3. UHT Process alters Milk’s original flavor
If you are more of a person drawn to the original taste of milk, mind you’d not want to switch to UHT treated milk. Reports based on findings, state that UHT treatment of milk turns it into a cabbagy taste. Apart from the missing valuable vitamins and amino acids, the next problem of UHT Treated milk to deal with is a modified flavor.
4. Packaging of UHT Milk is Non-Biodegradable
UHT Treated milk comes in the pack made of Plastic, Paper, and Metallic (Aluminium). Once consumed the Milk containers can’t be recycled or easily decomposed. The more production of processed and packaged milk leads to loads of unrecyclable containers.
Findings also indicate that Endocrine Disruptors are present majorly in packaged foods and milk containers. The containers not only raise the alarm for humans but also for the environment.
5. Anonymous Source of Milk
You may never be convinced completely knowing the whereabouts of the original milk. You have no idea where are the farm and dairy farmers located. How is raw milk shipped and transported to the processing plants and companies? You may also never know about how the cows are being treated in terms of health and productivity. Most of the companies keep such details closed.
What to Expect in the future?
Risks of UHT processed milk seem to overshadow the advantages, to extend the life of this natural product it is a great method. Safety comes first while consuming the elementary part of your diet. Pasteurizing milk at moderate and ambient temperatures may solve the problem of its efficacy and activeness.