The carbon tax is a tax on the use of fuels that emit CO2 or on the purchase of goods and services that cause CO2 emissions. In simple words, it is a fee imposed on businesses and consumers for every ton of carbon they emit into the atmosphere. It has also become one of the most debated political topics dealing with taxes, climate change, and economics. The advantages and disadvantages of carbon tax discuss the pros and cons of its implementation.
The carbon Tax History dates back to 1993 when the Clinton Administration proposed the general tax on all forms of energy. Since then, the Carbon Tax has been a hot topic as the world deals with severe climate changes. It is also one of the most controversial political topics as it deals with taxes, climate change, and economics. The purpose of a carbon tax is to distribute the cost of burning carbon equitably.
These costs are borne by those who suffer from the effects, such as homeowners and farmers, and eventually society. Seventy-Seven countries have implemented carbon taxes as a shared global responsibility to tackle global climate change.
Citizens may feel an extra load on taxes while paying the carbon tax. But, it's for the good that will return to the world in many different ways. The following advantages of carbon tax are what the public should be aware of at the moment.
Deteriorating air quality has been much of a concern for many developed nations. Much of the air pollution is caused due to automobile sector and industrial sectors. Recently, governments have introduced a carbon tax in order to combat air pollution.
Carbon tax successfully reduces air pollution because it incentivizes people and organizations to change even relatively small parts of their lifestyle that may cause them more harm than good.
Carbon Tax can provide economic benefits at the local level. Implementing a tax on any carbon or carbon-based fuels would help reduce our addiction to fossil fuels and their harmful pollutants.
This is because citizens are paying for the pollution they create. The money generated from this taxation can be allocated to improvements in infrastructure, technology, and recreational activities.
Carbon taxes are a measure that some governments have implemented in order to regulate the use of fossil fuels and encourage people to use renewable energy sources. A study done by MIT and Columbia University found that if the United States introduced a carbon tax, it could raise $2.4 trillion over the next ten years.
Advocates strongly support the concept of a carbon tax because it creates three potential benefits: households are refunded with some form of credit; more efficient renewable energy solutions that are cheaper become available; and, due to a lowered level of CO2 in the atmosphere.
Despite the small initial expenditures, a carbon tax will provide many beneficial opportunities for our economy and society.
A carbon tax makes people more aware of the effects of living an unsustainable lifestyle. Seeing prices rise on gas and other items causes people to conserve, switch how they get around or make healthy lifestyle changes that benefit the environment.
Also, by 2035, Many European countries would have been running on gasoline and coal alternatives such as Hydrogen Energy, Electric Cars, and other sustainable methods.
If people and companies don’t switch to alternatives by the deadline, the tax would increase. The higher carbon tax would also hurt those who cannot afford higher energy costs. Some other disadvantages of carbon tax will seemingly affect the world before people switch to alternatives entirely.
Implementation of a Carbon tax could cause people to spend less, which would hurt businesses and eventually hurt those who cannot afford higher energy costs if carbon tax continues up or doesn't decrease with inflation rates like other prices do over time.
The carbon tax is regressive because it puts an unfair burden on lower-income families. It's also disproportionately burdensome for people living paycheck-to-paycheck, usually the poorest. In addition, those who spend more of their income on energy use, such as low-income households or rural dwellers, will also get the hit.
One of the drastic disadvantages of the Carbon Tax is that it creates an artificial economic market that isn’t always sustainable on a global scale. This means there will be countries with a high demand for carbon-based fuel and those with low carbon demand, which could cause an unfair energy trade.
One of the Disadvantages of Carbon Tax is that it cannot reduce the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. A rational belief about this Disadvantage would be that you don't want to do anything to reduce the level of CO2 because it doesn't affect you.
Legislation has a complex process and can take years to implement, so it can be a struggle to meet commitments. In addition, a carbon tax could be onerous for business owners because they will have an adjustment period until they find ways to become compliant while saving money; this may result in higher pollution levels and emissions during the transition stage.
Conclusion on Pros and Cons of Carbon Tax
The pros and cons of carbon tax look good in theory and even may work for a while. However, it can be challenging to implement policies that balance the environment's needs with consumers' budgets unless strict rules are part of this idea to target producers and consumers equally. In addition, there is much pushback from critics who say this policy already penalizes middle-class families with high energy costs.
A carbon tax would make burning fossil fuels more expensive. It is expected to raise costs for goods and services that rely heavily on those inputs, particularly carbon-intensive items such as electricity and transportation.
Greenhouse gases are accumulating in the atmosphere and causing global warming. A carbon tax is a fee placed on emissions to encourage individuals, companies, and governments to produce less of them. A carbon tax's costs would most affect energy-intensive businesses and low-income homes.
Under a carbon tax, the government sets a per-ton fee on greenhouse gas emissions that emitters must pay. To avoid incurring the tax, firms and consumers will switch fuels or adopt new technologies.
A $25 per ton carbon tax that rises by one percent each year would reduce emissions by 17 to 38 percent relative to 2005 benchmark levels by 2030, according to a 2019 Brookings Institution study.
The United States is not one of them. Most economists believe carbon pricing is the best way to go green. The notion of carbon import duties and emissions trading for goods produced in countries with a lot of CO2 has been discussed in the United States.