Advantages and Disadvantages of JPEG File Format

Advantages and Disadvantages of JPEG File Format
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Pictures play a close role in communication, whether you are a photographer, photojournalist, or a regular user. Joint Photographic Experts Group, abbreviated as JPEG or JPG, is a standard picture format used almost everywhere.

This image format is something you may see daily on your smartphone, internet, or even your computer. However, if you have dealt with editing or resaving problems, you just met one of the disadvantages of the JPEG file format. If you are looking for more limitations and benefits of JPEG files, the advantages and disadvantages of jpeg file format will guide you further.

What is JPEG File format?

The developers themselves coined the name Joint Photographic Experts Group. This standard for file format was established in 1986. First, it was used in photography, but as technology progressed further, the JPEG file format became popular on the internet and related technologies. Now, JPEG files are widely used in business documentation, social media, and even entertainment.

What are the advantages of JPEG Files?

JPEG file format is exceptional at detailing complex graphics at a low size. There are specific benefits and drawbacks of this file type. First, let’s have a look at the advantages of JPEG images.

1. High-Resolution Images

High definition is one of the notable advantages of JPEG images. The file format supports 24-bit colors with up to 16 million colors. Even after applying high-level editing in professional tools, the resolution of digital images remains top-notch.

2. Smaller in Size

Compare JPEG file format with BMP, PNG, or RAW files and you’ll spot the difference in size. JPEG has the advantage of compressing a digital image at smaller file size. With a relatively similar quality and resolution, JPEG file size is smaller than the rest of the file formats.

3. Custom Compression

If you’ve ever tried uploading photographs and signatures for official applications, you probably know this advantage of using JPEG files. You can adjust the degree of the compression of a JPEG image according to the required size.

4. Compatibility is one of the key advantages of JPEG Images

Needless to say, JPEG is a universally accepted file format that you can edit or use on your smartphone, computer, camera, or even editing software.

5. Easy to access, deliver, and transfer

The small size of JPEG images allows you to communicate through infographics pretty easily. You can share the JPEG images on cloud storage, attach them in email, and even put them on your Facebook or Twitter page instantly.

What are the disadvantages of JPEG file format?

Now come disadvantages of JPEG file format and why many professional photographers opt for a RAW file format instead of JPEG. From picture quality to balance, there are several factors to consider. The following details will help you understand the drawbacks of using JPEG files.

1. Compression degrades the image quality

The JPEG standard erases some color data to make the output smaller in size whenever you compress the file to a certain limit. The biggest disadvantage of reducing the size is you have to settle with poor quality of pictures that can’t be undone once saved.

2. Processing control

Photographers can relate to this problem as while shooting on JPEG; you may limit the color variations and your camera’s processor. On the contrary, there is no such limitation when you shoot the image in RAW format.

3. Resaving is one of the common disadvantages of JPEG files

Even if you merely edit a JPEG file, its quality deteriorates every time you do it. Try opening an image in Microsoft picture manager or paint, and you’ll notice the distorted pixels in the JPEG image.

4. Inflexible Application

JPEG file format is generally ideal for digital images such as portraits and nature photographs. However, if the images comprise texts or sharp lines and edges, it may not be an adequate standard.

5. No support for Layered Images

Unfortunately, JPEG images do not support layered images. That’s why most graphic designers avoid this standard. You might need to work extra on layered images in order to adjust and edit graphic images, which is not possible with JPEG Images.


You can figure out from the given Advantages and Disadvantages of JPEG file format when to choose a JPEG standard and why. This standard should only be used if you want small-sized images, and quality doesn’t matter at all. But if you want high-resolution editable images, the JPEG file format is certainly not good enough.